Les femmes de Maisonneuve 2 : Marguerite Bourgeoys (Historique) (French Edition)

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On 7 October , during a procession in honor of Our Lady of the Rosary , Bourgeoys decided to dedicate herself to the service of God. Given the early deaths of her parents, her life was difficult. Later on, Marguerite became well known as a lecturer. The governor invited Marguerite to come to Canada and start a school in Ville-Marie eventually the city of Montreal. Before February , Bourgeoys accepted the assignment to set up a congregation and a mission in New France.


She set sail on the Saint-Nicholas from France along with approximately other colonists, mostly men. They had been recruited and signed to working contracts. Upon her arrival in the port of Quebec City on the following 22 September, Bourgeoys was offered hospitality with the Ursuline nuns there while transportation to Ville-Marie was arranged. She declined the offer and spent her stay in Quebec living alongside poor settlers.

Though this period of Bourgeoys' life in New France pales in comparison to her later years in terms of expansionary scope and influence, it is often seen as much more intimate. Bourgeoys would have known practically everyone in the colony.

There were no children to teach due to the high levels of infant mortality, which frustrated her plan to provide education. Despite this, she took it upon herself to help the community in any way she could, often working alongside the settlers. During these early years, Bourgeoys did manage to make some significant initiatives.

Soon after receiving the stable, Bourgeoys departed for France with the goal of bringing back more women to serve as teachers for the colony.

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This allowed her to house and to care for the " King's Daughters ," or filles du roi , as they are known in Quebec orphan girls sent by the Crown to establish families in the colony upon their arrival from Europe. The small group began to follow a religious way of life, establishing periods of common prayer and meals. The women, however, would spend time on their own in various towns throughout the colony, teaching the local children.

During this three-year period, Bourgeoys and her small community sought various forms of official recognition and legitimation from both the Crown and the religious establishment in New France. He ultimately granted her wishes through an ordinance that gave permission to the congregation Notre-Dame to teach on the entire island of Montreal, as well as anywhere else in the colony that saw their services as necessary.

Occupations and Other Identifiers

In Bourgeoys set out once again for France, this time with the goal of gaining an audience with the King to protect the unenclosed nature of her community. She left with no money or clothing, only with a letter of recommendation by Jean Talon , Royal Intendant of the colony, in which he declares her great contribution to its future.

By May , she had not only met with Louis XIV , but had obtained letters patent from him which secured the viability of her community in New France as "secular Sisters". In fact, the French monarch went so far as to write that: "Not only has Marguerite Bourgeoys performed the office of schoolmistress by giving free instruction to the young girls in all occupations Helene Bernier refers to the future saint's work after as the "Golden Age" of the Congregation.

Who is Marguerite Bourgeoys?

Though she always devoted the majority of her efforts to helping the more needy members of society, she also established a boarding school at Ville-Marie so that more affluent girls would not need to venture all the way to Quebec for their education. She went on to establish a school devoted to needle-work and other practical occupations for women in Pointe-Saint-Charles. Other smaller schools were also established and run by other members of the Congregation in places such as Lachine , Pointe-aux-Trembles , Batiscan and Champlain.

In , Marguerite also expanded into Native societies, setting up a small school in the Iroquois village of "la Montagne" Montreal.

Who is Marguerite Bourgeoys?

Marguerite made a third trip to France in to protect the uncloistered character of her institution and seek additional members. Bishop Laval, also visiting France, forbade her to bring back any new recruits. However, the recruitment of Canadian-born women into the congregation assured the survival of her work. Though Bourgeoys may have returned to New France somewhat frustrated with the bishop, her influence continued to grow in the colony.

The new bishop in the colony, Jean-Baptiste De La Croix de Saint-Vallier , had been impressed with the vocational school that Bourgeoys had established in Ville-Marie and worked with her towards establishing a similar institution in Quebec. In , the congregation opened a school in Quebec that catered to girls from poor families. After announcing that she would step down in , Marguerite relented and stayed on as the figurehead of the Congregation until Although she gave up daily leadership, she attempted to help her sisters retain the spirit which had characterized the Congregation from the start.

Maisonneuve et Marguerite Bourgeoys

Bourgeoys and her colleagues kept their secular character despite efforts by Bishop Saint-Vallier to impose a cloistered life upon them through a merger with the Ursulines. Fazer login. Campos ocultos. Marguerite Bourgeoys and the Congregation of Notre Dame, Patricia Simpson. Simpson shows that the order faced great resistance from the male church hierarchy despite the fact that the pioneer society depended on the work of the Congregation.

The order was particularly important in assuming the guardianship of many filles du roi - young women sent to New France under royal auspices to be married to the men of the colony. Simpson also examines the many difficulties the Congregation faced, which included natural disasters and the dangers faced in trying to reach women and children in settlements throughout New France, as far away as Acadia.